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H.R.7115 - 3D Firearms Prohibitions Act

To prohibit the sale, acquisition, distribution in commerce, or import into the United States of certain firearm receiver castings or blanks, assault weapon parts kits, and machine-gun parts kits and the marketing or advertising of such castings or blanks and kits on any medium of electronic communications, to require homemade firearms to have serial numbers, and for other purposes.

You might favor this bill if:
►  You believe a 3D printed handguns should be prohibited from being sold, made, imported, or marketed. An individual seeking to make a 3D printed gun should undergo a thorough background check, register the firearm and be a given a serial number of such firearms by the ATF.

You might oppose this bill if:
►  You believe that the distribution of 3D gun schematics should be protected by the first amendment and should be able to be sold and marketed.

The 3D Firearms Prohibitions Act would prohibit the sale, manufacturing, import or marketing of incomplete firearm "frames", as well as certain gun parts kits. It would require any individual seeking to build a homemade firearm to first undergo a thorough background check, register the firearm and be given a serial number by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives.

The controversy behind 3D guns begins with Cody Wilson, founder of Defense Distributed, who back in 2013 posted 3D printed schematics of a plastic handgun labeled The Liberator. In 2013, the U.S. Government ordered the schematics to be removed and in 2015, Wilson sued the federal government, arguing that it is his first amendment right of free speech to release these documents online.

A court banned Mr. Wilson from releasing these documents for free, as he was doing before. Now, Defense Distributed has interpreted this decision as being able to sell them.

"Anyone who wants these files is going to get them. I'm gonna sell it to them, I'm gonna ship them. That began this morning," Mr. Wilson said. "That will never be interrupted. The free exchange of these ideas will never be interrupted."

However, another judge ordered to block the release of the blueprints the same day, not before 1000 downloads of the blueprints were made.

"I'm happy now to become the iTunes of downloadable guns if I can't become the Napster," said Mr. Wilson.

Additional provisions of the legislation include:
• The prohibition of the marketing or advertising of such castings or blanks on any medium of electronic communication.
• Changes to the language of current federal firearms regulations to mandate that all home built firearms have a permanent unique serial number from a licensed dealer and are reported to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives so that they can be traced if recovered by law enforcement. (Currently, ATF recommends that home-builders apply a serial number on DIY guns, but does not require one and has no reporting mandate for such guns.)
• The requirement that any individual looking to build a DIY firearm to first undergo a background check proving they are legally allowed to own a firearm. Any homemade firearm or part of a homemade firearm found by law enforcement that is not serialized and registered will be treated as an unlawful possession.

“Given the gun violence epidemic plaguing our communities, the last thing our country needs is an unregulated and untraceable source of lethal firearms,” said sponsor of the bill Rep. Pallone (D). “We need sensible solutions to reduce gun violence, not AR-15s available at the stroke of a fingertip. I cannot allow the Trump administration to endanger more of our children by appeasing the gun lobby and allowing unfettered access to weapons of war that are impossible for our law enforcement to track.”


Sponsored by: Rep. Pallone, Frank, Jr. [D-NJ-6].

Cosponsored by: 0 Rep / 16 Dem.

See list of cosponsors.

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