|You might favor this bill if:
► You believe that the 2020 Census should not have any last minute changes unless adequately researched, tested, and studied before census day. Since the Census redraws congressional district maps, determines the number of House members each state gets, and determines the number of electoral votes each state receives, the Census should be changed with ample time and with congressional oversight.
|You might oppose this bill if:
► You believe that the 2020 Census should be able to be changed and edited at any time by any political party. The redistribution of district maps, State House members, and electoral votes should be determined by the number of Citizens in the country and not by its residents.
The 2020 Census IDEA Act would strengthen congressional oversight over the census operational plan and ensure that every decennial census is adequately researched, tested, and studied before census day.
The legislation would mandate a three-year process to any question proposed to be added in any Census, therefore blocking the Trump's administration attempt to add a citizenship question from appearing on the 2020 Census.
More specifically, the proposed legislation would:
- prohibit last minute changes to the census without proper research;
- require biannual reports to Congress on the status of research and testing of Census Bureau’s operational plan; and
- mandate the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) to certify that subjects, information, and questions on the decennial have been sufficiently researched and tested before the census can begin.
On March 26, 2018, the Department of Commerce announced that the Census Bureau will include a question regarding citizenship status on the 2020 Census.
According to former Census Bureau Director Kenneth Prewitt, adding a citizenship question “will drive the response rate down enormously,” and increase the undercounting of both citizens and non-citizens in the decennial census. In addition to reducing the accuracy of the census, a citizenship question will “undo decades of work to convince immigrants and communities of color” to respond to the census and necessitate an increase in costly non-response follow-up activities. Many citizens also worry about the data handling of the 2020 Census and whether the data will be improperly shared with other government agencies.
Historically, the Census Bureau has had only three political appointees—the Director, who requires Senate confirmation; the Associate Director for Communications; and the Chief of the Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs. The former Census Director John Thompson resigned on June 30, 2017.
The Trump administration has since not nominated a replacement. Instead the administration has placed Kevin Quinley as a "Special Advisor" to the Census Bureau. Mr.Quinly previously worked for Kellyanne Conway’s polling firm for six years through 2016 and worked as the Deputy White House Liaison for the Commerce Department from March 2017 until October 2017, when he was placed in the Census Bureau.
Arturo Vargas, National Advisory Committee of the Census member and Executive Director of the National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials (NALEO) Educational Fund notes that, “each question on the decennial survey has been thoroughly tested to ensure it is well understood by the public, and does not depress response rates. Adding any question at this moment, whether on citizenship or any other topic, would sabotage the Census Bureau’s efforts as it prepares to implement a re-engineered, high-tech enumeration strategy.”
Changes in Census data can ultimately be politicized. Census data is used to redraw House districts and the number of House seats each state receives, as well as determining each state’s number of electoral votes in a presidential election.
Democrats believe that changing census questions could result in an improper count, which would result in an inaccurate redistribution of the political spectrum.
Republicans believe the changes to the Census can provide a more accurate playing field.
Sponsored by: Rep. Carolyn Maloney [D-NY].
Cosponsored by: 0 Rep / 57 Dem.