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H.R.4240 - Public Safety and Second Amendment Rights Protection Act

Congress Representative Mike Thompson

To protect Second Amendment rights, ensure that all individuals who should be prohibited from buying a firearm are listed in the National Instant Criminal Background Check System, and provide a responsible and consistent background check process.



You might favor this bill if:
►  You believe that every state should get additional resources needed to help them improve the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS). In addition, all commercial firearm sales, closing gun show, internet, and classified ad loopholes should be closed.

You might oppose this bill if:
►  You believe that expanding the background checks systems might bureaucratize the process of buying a regular firearm and could potentially impede individuals with defensive gun use charges from getting a handgun, therefore restricting or seizing firearms, which is a direct infringement of the second amendment.


The Public Safety and Second Amendment Rights Protection Act would give states resources to help them submit information to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), also expanding the system to cover all commercial firearm sales, closing gun show, internet, and classified ad loopholes.

The NICS is the system set in place for determining if prospective firearms or explosives buyers' name and birth year match those of a person who is not eligible to buy them.

Federal law currently requires background checks for some federally licensed dealers. Private sellers are not required to conduct these checks. The act would help to close loopholes such as this one.

The legislation calls on the Attorney General to establish a four-year implementation plan for every state that ensures the reporting of records that are made available by NICS are made public.

The bill would create the publication of all NICS statistics and would make them publicly available online within 180 days from becoming law.

Any person who attempts to transfer or sell a firearm in violation of this act could possibly be fined or imprisoned for up to 15 years. The law does allow for spouses and some family members to transfer firearms between them.


“It is clear that members of both parties and the President himself agree – we need a strengthened background checks system to help keep our nation safe. That’s why I am pleased to announce a record number of supporters, Democrats and Republicans, for my bipartisan bill to expand the system,” says Representative Thompson, sponsor of the bill. “This support marks the overwhelming public support for strengthening background checks and the urgent need to take action immediately. Let’s hold a vote now and act to help prevent gun violence.”


H.R.4240

Sponsored by: Rep. Thompson, Mike [D-CA-5].

Cosponsored by: 11 Rep / 186 Dem.

See list of cosponsors.

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